Understanding Health Disparities in Diabetes

Addressing Gaps Key to Improving Population Health

Understanding Health Disparities in Diabetes
WHITE PAPER
November 17, 2020
Senior Medical Director, Medical Affairs, CVS Caremark
Medical Director, CVS Caremark
Senior Vice President, CVS Health and Chief Medical Officer, CVS Caremark

There are more than 34 million Americans living with diabetes, a disease that costs the U.S. more than $327 billion per year. However, the disease does not affect all segments of the population equally.https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pdfs/data/statistics/national-diabetes-statistics-report.pdf.

Four Drivers of Health Care Disparities

Four Drivers of Health Care Disparities

Diabetes is one of the clearest examples of how social determinants of health impact populations differently. Defined as “conditions in the environments in which people are born, live, learn, work, play, worship, and age that affect a wide range of health,” social determinants impact every aspect of health and care including disease burden access to care, and outcomes for diabetes.

The risk of being diagnosed with diabetes is 77 percent higher among African Americans and 66 percent higher among Latinos/Hispanics, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/disparities.html.

African Americans, Native Americans and non-white Hispanics have a three to seven times higher incidence of kidney and liver failure, and two to four times the rate of amputations than Whites.https://spectrum.diabetesjournals.org/content/14/1/13.

African Americans, Native Americans and non-White Hispanics have:

Pictogram of a human lung

3-7x
incidence of kidney
and liver failure

Pictogram of a thermometer

2-4x
the rate of amputations
than Whites

To mitigate and eventually eliminate health disparities an ambitious, focused, and practical program is needed. This white paper explores social determinants and disparities in diabetes care as well as potential approaches to addressing them.

Want to learn about how social disparities impact health care disparities and how they can be addressed? Ask Us
WHITE PAPER
November 17, 2020
Senior Medical Director, Medical Affairs, CVS Caremark
Medical Director, CVS Caremark
Senior Vice President, CVS Health and Chief Medical Officer, CVS Caremark

Data source, unless noted otherwise, CVS Health Enterprise Analytics, 2020.

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